Saffron from different producer countries, picked and dried in different ways gives rise to different end qualities.
There are various types of saffron at the global markets and each type may have a specific quality. So it's important to know more about it so that we can determine high quality saffron and also truly compare different products with different prices.
There may be several types of saffron in the world but the most common types are the following:
1- Negin sargol saffron:
This kind of saffron is pure and contains stigma without style like common red saffron. But the remarkable features of this kind is longer and thicker threads (with less broken) than the common saffron and also the Coloring power that is very high (220 - 240USP or more). According to ISO standard for Saffron this kind is classified in to ISO Category I.
This type of saffron considered as one of the top quality saffron in the world.
- However "ISO category I" is defined the top international score for saffron but in fact "Negin sargol saffron" has higher quality than required quality for ISO category I.
- This type of saffron sometimes may contain a very little yellow part that is considered a common grade of this kind and called "Negin poushal". This grade also has high quality (not highest) but suita-ble price.
2- Sargol Saffron (Red Saffron -All red filaments)
This filament type, usually consists of only red parts of stigma ( no style & pollen) with a high power of coloring (220 - 240 USP) and aroma and flavor .
Also this kind of saffron is usually classified in to ISO category I.
2. Poushal Saffron
This kind includes red stigmas with 2 - 5 mm yellow style thread. The color strength is about 180 - 200 USP or even more. So according to ISO standard for Saffron (internati-onal standard organization) it's usually classified in to ISO category I or II.
"Poushal" means massive for its volume resulted from the time and method of harvesting. "Poushal" has the same power of coloring and aroma as "All red filaments" type and it usually use for fantasy and luxury packaging.
3. Dasteh Saffron (Bunched Saffron)
This kind usually contains whole natural threads of saffron (red and yellow parts) which is bunched and tied with a string. The Coloring strength of Dasteh is usually about 140-160 USP and classified in to ISO ategory II or III.
4. Risheh or Sefideh Saffron (style threads)
This kind include only the yellow parts of saffron threads with a length of 5 to 15 mm (style). Risheh Saffron contains a good aroma but low coloring strength, so in addition to cooking, it is used in medical industries.
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